Way of witr

05 Mar 2022 Ref-No#: 2359

Assalam o alikum

I want to ask about the witr prayer as i have read the hadess that Holy Prophet said: “Do not pray Witr with three rak’ahs like Maghrib.” Narrated by al-Haakim, 1/403; al-Bayhaqi, 3/31; al-Daaraqutni, p. 172. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari (4/301): Its isnaad fulfils the conditions of the two Shaykhs (al-Bukhaari and Muslim).

But according to hanafi fiqh witr is with two tashahud and one salaam which is similar to Maghrib prayer
So what is the right way of witr in hanafi fiqh and what is the Dua to be recited in third rakat

Answer

WaʿAlaykumus Salām Wa Rahmatullāhi Wa Barakātuh

Kindly refer to the article below extracted from the archives of Darul Ifta Birmingham:

According to the Hanafi Fiqh, the Witr salah consists of three rakaats with one salaam at the end.  Imam Malik (RA), Imam Shafee (RA) and Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (RA) say that the Witr salah is between one and seven rakaats.  Generally, the followers of the respective aforementioned scholars will perform the Witr by reading two rakaats with one salaam and then another rakaat separately with one salaam.  (Dars Tirmizi p.215 v.2)

The view of the Hanafi School of Thought is based on the following evidences:

Saaidah Aaisha Radiallahu Anha reports that the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam used to perform thee rakaats of Witr and he never used to make salaam except in the last rakaat.   (Mustadrak Hakim p.304 v.1)

Saaiduna Ubayy Ibn Kaab Radillahu Anhu narrates that the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam used to recite Surah A’la in the first rakaat, surah Kaafiroon in the second rakaat and surah Ikhlas in the third rakaat and that the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam would not make salaam except in the last of those rakaats.   (Sunan Nasaai p.248 v.1)

Thabit Al Bunani Radiallahu Anhu says that “Saaiduna Anas Radiallahu Anhu lead us in the Witr salah, he performed three rakaats and he did not make salam till the last rakaat”.   (Tahawi p.206 v.1)

Saaiduna Umar Radiallahu Anhu is reported to have performed three rakaats Witr with one salaam only.   (Mustadrak Hakim p.304 v.1)

Furthermore, the Witr salah is like the three rakaats of Maghrib, therefore the same way one sits for tashuud after two rakaats and stands up for the third, one will do the same for the Witr salah.   (Darul Qutni p.27-p.28 v.2)

It is reported from Hasan al Basri (RA) that there was a unanimous agreement of the Salaf that Witr is of three rakaats.  Saaiduna Abdullah Ibn Masud Radiallahu Anhu said, “Witr is three rakaats like the rakaats of Maghrib.”   (Nasbur Rayah p.120 v.2 & Tabyinul Haqaaiq)

Furthermore, it is reported to be the practice of Saaiduna Abu Bakr Radiallahu Anhu, Saaiduna Umar, Saaiduna Ali, Saaiduna Ubbay Ibn Kaab, Saaiduna Zaid Ibn Thabit, Saaiduna Anas Ibn Malik and Saaiduna Abu Ummamah Radiallahu Anhum to read three rakaats with no salaam in between.   (Dars Tirmizi p.229 v.2)

With regards to your question, it is narrated by Saaiduna Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu that the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said “Do not pray Witr with three rakaats like Maghrib.”   (Mustadrak Hakim p.403 v.1 & Sunun Baihaqi p.31 v.3 & Darul Qutni). The reason for preventing Witr salah from being like Maghrib salah is obvious, and that is because there is no Nafl salah that precedes it. It was the practice of the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam that he would read Tahajjud Salah before the Witr Salah.   (Dars Tirmizi p.234 v.2, Mussanaf Ibn Abi Shaibah p.294 v.4 & Tahawi p.141 v.1)

Qunūt to be recited in the Witr Ṣalāh:

اَللّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسـْتَعـِيْنُكَ وَنَسْتَغـْفِرُكَ وَنُؤْمِنُ بِكِ وَنُثْنِيْ عَلَيْكَ الْخَيْرَ، وَنَشْكُرُ ، وَلاَ نَكْفُرُكَ، وَ نَخْلَعُ وَ نَتُرُكَ مَنْ يَفْجُرُكَ، اَللّهُمَّ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَلَكَ نُصَلِّيْ وَنَسْجُدُ وَإِلَيْكَ نَسْعَى وَنَحْفِدُ وَنَخْشَى عَذَابَكَ وَنَرْجُوْ رَحْمَتـَكَ إِنَّ عَذَابَكَ الْجِدَّ بِالْكُفَّارِ مُلْحِقٌ

Transliteration:

Allâhumma innâ nasta-‘înuka wa nas-taghiruka wa nu’minu bika wa nuthnî alaykal khayr, wa nashkuruka walâ nakfuruka wanakhla’u wa nat-ruku may yafjuruk, Allâhumma’iyyâka na’budu wa laka nusallî wa nasjudu wa ilayka nas-‘â wa nahfidu wa nakshâ ‘adhâbaka wa narjû rahmataka innâ ‘adhâbak al-jidda bil-kuffâri mul-hiq.

Translation:

O Allâh, I seek help from You, ask forgiveness from You, and believe in You and praise You for all the good things and are grateful to You and we part and break off with all those who disobedient to You. O Allâh, You alone do we worship and pray exclusively to You and bow before You alone and we hasten eagerly towards You and fear Your severe punishment and hope for Your mercy, for Your severe punishment is surely to be meted out to the disbelievers.