Zakat, Interest, Studying Abroad and Moving abroad
Question no .1 Is it permissible in Islam to move from a Muslim Country to a Non-Muslim country for better income and standard of living?
Question no.2. Is it allowed for single girls to move abroad alone to study abroad? Especially in a matter where a degree isn’t offered in her home country.
Question no.3 If someone doesn’t forgive you especially when you seek forgiveness from that person, can I give sadaqah on behalf of that person so that Allah forgives me?
Question 4. Worked in a Fintech which is a form of a bank for two years, left because of interest, giving charity from that money, will Allah accept it?
Assalāmuʿalaykum Wa Raḥmatullāhi Wa Barakātuh
Answer 1: If a person wishes to migrate from a Muslim country to a non-Muslim country due to extreme difficulty in earning sufficient livelihood and no other Muslim country is deemed to be a suitable alternative, then in such a case it will be permissible to migrate to a non-Muslim country.
If a person wishes to migrate from a Muslim country to a non-Muslim country in which he earns sufficient livelihood but for the purpose of increasing his standard of living, then in such a case it will be Makrooh (reprehensible) for him to do so.
Answer 2: The Prophet ﷺ had prohibited a female from traveling, without a Maḥram, such a distance which renders one a ‘traveler’.
Therefore, it is not permissible for a single woman to study abroad without having a Maḥram with her.
One of the objectives behind this is to protect women from any sort of harm they may encounter.
It should also be noted that it is not compulsory for a woman to travel abroad for the purpose of studying for a specific degree.
Alternatively, she may opt for a degree that is offered nearby or to consider online studies which have become widespread and common.
Answer 3: If after seeking forgiveness from an individual and he or she does not forgive you, then apart from giving Ṣadaqah on their behalf, you may consider making Duʿā that Allāh ﷻ softens their heart to forgive you and you may seek forgiveness on behalf of them as well.
Answer 4: If your work at ‘Fintech’ was such that you had no direct involvement in the dealings that occurs, but rather you were providing some other form of service such as working in the IT department or perhaps you were involved in the security sector, the charity may be given from your earnings and In Shā Allāh it will be accepted and you will be rewarded well.