What is permissable at a janazah
Assalaamu Alaikum. I’d like to know whats the mas’ala regarding:
1. a lady requested to read dua aloud once a mayyit leaves the home
2. Reading from fadhaail a’maal and/ fadhaail sadaqaat once the mayyit leaves
3. Reading various tasbeehaat on beads after the mayyit.
4. Reading Quraan khatams and yaseen khatam after mayyit
5. Reading of yaseen and other Surahs aloud (for ladies) while the person is in sakraat.
6. Before the janazah leaves the home, is it permissable for men to make dua aloud and for men to read quraan aloud?
7. The sunnah method of what is done before and after a mayyit leaves the home.
8. The Sunnah method of conducting ourselves at a funeral
Wa’alaykum as Salām wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuhu,
Certain scholars have mentioned that the recitation of Surah Yāsīn decreases the severity of death for the person. This Surah should be recited by sitting near his/her head or anywhere else nearby. It is also recommended that Surah Raʿd be recited at this time if possible.
Once a person passes away, the process which follow thereafter should be hastened i.e., Ghusl, Kafan (shrouding), and burial.
There are no prescribed practices to carry out when the deceased is being carried out from the home, as they often cause a delay to the burial processes.
For those not present as well, it is an act of worship and greatly rewarding to attend the funeral.
The moral obligation from the Sharīʿah is merely the attendance of the funeral and to provide consolation to the bereaved family members in accordance to one’s relationship with the deceased.
The period of mourning has been restricted to three days, and hence, there is no permissibility in mourning for more than three days.
The practice of mourning a person’s death by means of various actions in groups or gatherings, such as those stated in the question, is but a custom and has no real basis.
We, however, advise that if such a request is being made for people to carry out certain actions at any time, then it should be done by way of encouragement and in a manner that allows them to do it in their personal and private capacity, not making it binding upon them and giving the impression that it is an instruction from the side of the Sharīʿah, or that it is a Sunnah practice.